(1)   Ready and able to resort to force or violence
"Pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville
"They were rough and determined fighting men"
(2)   Unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
"A gravelly voice"
(3)   Violently agitated and turbulent
"Boisterous winds and waves"
"The fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound
"Rough weather"
"Rough seas"
(4)   Not shaped by cutting or trimming
"An uncut diamond"
"Rough gemstones"
(5)   Full of hardship or trials
"The rocky road to success"
"They were having a rough time"
(6)   Not quite exact or correct
"The approximate time was 10 o'clock"
"A rough guess"
"A ballpark estimate"
(7)   Unkind or cruel or uncivil
"Had harsh words"
"A harsh and unlovable old tyrant"
" a rough answer"
(8)   Unpleasantly stern
"Wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"
"The nomad life is rough and hazardous"
(9)   Not perfected
"A rough draft"
"A few rough sketches"
(10)   (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse
"She was a diamond in the rough"
"Rough manners"
(11)   Not carefully or expertly made
"Managed to make a crude splint"
"A crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"
"Rough carpentry"
(12)   Having or caused by an irregular surface
"Trees with rough bark"
"Rough ground"
"Rough skin"
"Rough blankets"
"His unsmooth face"
(13)   Causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements
"A rough ride"
(14)   Of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped


(15)   With rough motion as over a rough surface
"Ride rough"
(16)   With roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')
"He was pushed roughly aside"
"They treated him rough"


(17)   The part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short


(18)   Prepare in preliminary or sketchy form


  1. Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 229e.
      Teaching that's done by talking seems to have one rough path and another part which is smoother.
  2. Approximate.
    A rough estimate.
  3. Turbulent.
    The sea was rough.
  4. Difficult; trying.
    Being a teenager these days can be rough.
  5. Crude; unrefined
    His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
  6. Violent; not careful or subtle
    This box has been through some rough handling.


  1. The unmowed part of a golf course.
  2. A crude person.
  3. A scuffed and roughened area of the pitch, where the bowler's feet fall, used as a target by spin bowlers because of its unpredictable bounce.


  1. To create in an approximate form.
    Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
  2. To physically assault someone in retribution for something specific.
    The gangsters roughed him up a little.

See also