1878 Treaty of Berlin: the European powers redraw the map of the Balkans. Serbia, Montenegro and Romania become completely independent of the Ottoman empire.
1911 Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeg).
1912 First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
1912 Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
1912 Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month long First Balkan War.
1913 Second Balkan War: delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war.
1941 World War II: Montenegrins start a popular uprising against the Axis Powers (''Trinaestojulski ustanak'').
1946 Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
1979 A disastrous earthquake (of M 7.1) occurs on Montenegro coast.
1992 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed.
2006 The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro's formal declaration of independence.
2006 The Republic of Montenegro is admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly.